Strain or sprain of the ankle is a common injury that occurs when muscles and ligaments are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. It is typically caused by activities that involve sudden and forceful twisting or turning motions of the ankle.
Diagnosis of a strain or sprain of ankle is based on a physical examination. Tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans may be ordered to rule out other injuries.
Differential diagnosis for a strain or sprain of the ankle includes fractures, tendonitis, bursitis, and other soft tissue injuries.
Treatment for a strain or sprain of the ankle typically involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation. Physical therapy and bracing may also be recommended to aid in healing.
The prognosis for a strain or sprain of the ankle is generally good with proper treatment and rehabilitation. Most patients can expect to make a full recovery within a few weeks.