Injury of the muscle, fascia, or tendon of the long extensor muscle of the toe at ankle or foot level is caused by direct trauma or repetitive strain from activities such as running or dancing. It can also be caused by chronic medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes.
The diagnosis of this type of injury is usually based on the physical examination of the affected area and a detailed medical history. Imaging such as X-rays or MRI may be used to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out any other possible causes.
Other possible causes of injury to the long extensor muscle of the toe at ankle or foot level include gout, bursitis, tendinitis, or nerve entrapment.
Treatment of injury to the long extensor muscle of the toe at ankle or foot level can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Non-surgical treatments such as rest, ice, compression, elevation, stretching, and strengthening exercises are typically the first line of treatment. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended to repair the damaged muscle, fascia, or tendon.
The prognosis for this type of injury is generally good if treated properly. With proper rest and rehabilitation, most people can return to their normal activities within a few weeks or months.