A crushing injury of the toe is usually caused by a direct trauma, such as a heavy object falling on the toe, or by a sudden twist or contortion of the foot.
To diagnose a crushing injury of the toe, a physician will physically examine the toe and assess the extent of the injury. The physician may also order imaging tests, such as X-rays or an MRI, to determine the severity of the injury.
Differential diagnoses for a crushing injury of the toe may include fractures or dislocations of the toe bones, ligament tears, tendon tears, or a nerve injury.
Treatment for a crushing injury of the toe may include rest, elevating the foot, icing the injury, and wearing supportive footwear. Depending on the severity of the injury, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged tissue.
The prognosis for a crushing injury of the toe depends on the severity of the injury and the type of treatment received. In most cases, the toe can heal fully with proper treatment, although some patients may experience long-term disability or reduced mobility.