The most common cause of a foreign body in the trachea is aspiration. This occurs when a person inhales a foreign object such as food, a toy, or a piece of clothing. Other causes may include inhaling smoke or chemical fumes, or a direct physical trauma to the trachea.
Foreign body in the trachea is diagnosed through physical examination and imaging tests such as X-ray, CT scan, and bronchoscopy.
Differential diagnosis of foreign body in the trachea includes asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, and vocal cord paralysis.
Treatment for a foreign body in the trachea depends on the size and location of the object. If the object is small and not blocking the airway, it may be removed through suctioning or bronchoscopy. If the object is large or blocking the airway, surgery may be required to remove it.
The prognosis for a foreign body in the trachea is generally good, especially if the object is removed promptly. If the object is not removed in a timely manner, complications such as infection or respiratory failure can occur.