Foreign body aspiration into the respiratory tract is most common in children under the age of three, but can occur at any age. It can occur due to accidental ingestion or inhalation of foreign objects such as food, toys, or other objects.
A diagnosis of foreign body aspiration is typically made based on the patient’s history and physical exam, including auscultation of the chest, as well as imaging studies such as chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT).
Differential diagnosis for foreign body aspiration includes other causes of respiratory distress such as bronchiolitis, asthma, and pneumonia.
Treatment of foreign body aspiration is typically surgical removal of the object via bronchoscopy.
The prognosis for foreign body aspiration is typically good if the object is removed promptly and the patient is otherwise healthy.