ND72.Z/T17 Foreign body in unspecified part of respiratory tract

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Aetiology

Foreign body aspiration is a common cause of respiratory tract obstruction. The most frequent foreign bodies are food, toys, coins, and other small objects that can be aspirated into the respiratory tract.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of foreign body aspiration is based on the patient’s history, physical examination, and imaging. Chest X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans are the most commonly used imaging modalities to diagnose foreign body aspiration.

Differential diagnosis

The differential diagnosis for foreign body aspiration includes atelectasis, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema.

Treatment

Treatment for foreign body aspiration is usually bronchoscopy. Bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to look directly into the respiratory tract and remove the foreign body.

Prognosis

Prognosis for foreign body aspiration is generally good. Most patients can be treated with bronchoscopy and will make a full recovery.

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