Burns of the head and neck, except for the face, are typically caused by heat, electricity, radiation, or chemical exposure.
Diagnosis of a burn of the head and neck is typically made by a physical examination and history. The area of the burn can be assessed by a clinician to determine the depth of the burn and the extent of the damage.
Differential diagnosis of a burn of the head and neck includes infection, trauma, and skin disorders such as eczema or psoriasis.
Treatment of a burn of the head and neck depends on the depth and extent of the burn. Superficial burns can be treated with pain relief, topical ointments or creams, and dressings. Deep burns may require surgical debridement and skin grafting.
The prognosis of a burn of the head and neck depends on the extent of the burn and the treatment that is received. If treated promptly and appropriately, the prognosis is usually good.