Burn of trunk except perineum or genitalia, deep full thickness or complex burn is typically caused by exposure to high temperatures, such as fire, hot liquids, steam, or electricity, or from chemical sources such as corrosive chemicals or acids.
Diagnosis of a deep full thickness or complex burn of trunk except perineum or genitalia should be made by a medical professional. It can be identified visually by its dark red or charred appearance. In some cases, imaging scans such as x-rays or MRI may be used to determine the extent of the damage.
The differential diagnosis for a burn of trunk except perineum or genitalia, deep full thickness or complex burn includes other types of burn injuries, such as thermal burns, chemical burns, radiation burns, and electrical burns. Other conditions that may present similarly include frostbite, pressure ulcers, and sunburn.
Treatment of a burn of trunk except perineum or genitalia, deep full thickness or complex burn typically involves wound care, pain management, and skin grafting. Wound care typically involves cleaning the wound and applying topical agents such as silver sulfadiazine or mafenide acetate to reduce infection and promote healing. Pain management may involve prescription medications as well as non-pharmacological interventions such as ice and heat therapy. Skin grafting is often necessary to cover and support the wound.
The prognosis for a burn of trunk except perineum or genitalia, deep full thickness or complex burn depends on the extent and severity of the injury. If treated promptly and effectively, the prognosis is generally favorable. Complications such as infection, scarring, and contractures can occur and may affect the outcome.