Burns of external body surface, other specified site are caused by contact with hot objects, such as boiling water, an open flame, or hot metals. Other causes include electric shock, chemical burns, and radiation exposure.
Diagnosis of burns of external body surface, other specified site is based on a physical examination of the affected area and a review of the patient’s medical history. Blood tests may be performed to rule out infection and assess organ function.
Differential diagnosis includes other types of skin injury such as abrasions, lacerations, and contusions.
Treatment of burns of external body surface, other specified site depends on the severity of the burn. Minor burns may be treated at home with first-aid measures such as placing a cool, wet cloth on the affected area, using over-the-counter pain relievers, and keeping the wound clean and covered. More severe burns may require hospitalization and medical treatment such as intravenous fluids, antibiotics, and pain medication. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove damaged skin or tissue and graft healthy skin over the burn.
The prognosis for burns of external body surface, other specified site depends on the severity of the burn. Minor burns usually heal within a few days and may not leave any permanent damage. More severe burns may require more extensive treatment and may result in scarring or disfigurement.