Postsurgical leak is a medical term used to describe a leak or rupture of a suture line that occurs after a surgical procedure. The cause of such a leak can vary, but typically is due to a complication resulting from surgical technique, suture material, infection or tissue fragility.
Diagnosis of postsurgical leaks typically involves imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans, as well as physical examination. If a leak is suspected, fluid drainage may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis of postsurgical leaks includes other causes of abdominal pain such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, gallbladder disorders and other abdominal infections.
Treatment for postsurgical leak depends on the size and location of the leak. Small leaks may be treated conservatively with antibiotics and close observation. Larger leaks may require surgical repair.
The prognosis for a postsurgical leak depends on the size and location of the leak, as well as the patient’s general health and the presence of any other medical conditions. In most cases, the leak will heal without further complications.