Other specified pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) complications arise from a range of causes, including improper placement, incorrect programming, lead dislodgement, infection, or electrical malfunction.
Diagnosis of other specified pacemaker or ICD complications typically involves medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as an echocardiogram, CT scan, or MRI.
Differential diagnosis of other specified pacemaker or ICD complications includes conditions such as arrhythmias, conduction disturbances, heart failure, and infection.
Treatment of other specified pacemaker or ICD complications usually involves reprogramming the device, adjusting the lead placement, or replacing the device. Other treatments may include medications or surgery.
The prognosis of other specified pacemaker or ICD complications depends on the underlying cause. Generally, treatment can reduce the risk of complications and improve the patient’s quality of life.