Asphyxiation is a medical condition caused by a lack of oxygen to the brain due to an inability to breathe. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including choking, suffocation, drowning, inhalation of toxic substances, and a decrease in air pressure.
Asphyxiation can be diagnosed by a physical examination and medical history, as well as a variety of tests, such as a pulse oximetry, blood gas analysis, and imaging tests.
Differential diagnosis of asphyxiation includes pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, heart attack, stroke, and asthma.
Treatment of asphyxiation depends on the cause. It may include oxygen therapy, chest physiotherapy, and mechanical ventilation.
The prognosis for asphyxiation depends on the severity of the condition, the cause, the patient’s overall health, and the treatment received. Most people who receive prompt treatment have a good prognosis.