Unspecified effects of external causes are generally caused by trauma, such as falls, motor vehicle accidents, and other forms of physical trauma. They can also be caused by exposure to environmental toxins, or by exposure to radiation.
The diagnosis of unspecified effects of external causes is made based on the patient’s history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Imaging studies may be performed to evaluate for fractures, organ damage, or other potential causes of injury.
Other causes of injury that may need to be considered in the differential diagnosis include stroke, poisoning, infection, and other medical conditions.
Treatment for unspecified effects of external causes depends on the cause. Treatment may include medications, physical therapy, and rehabilitation. Surgery may be necessary for fractures or other types of trauma.
The prognosis for unspecified effects of external causes depends on the severity of the injury and the patient’s overall health. If the injury is mild, the prognosis is generally good. If the injury is severe, the prognosis may be more guarded.